Vaccine-Preventable Childhood Diseases

Vaccinate your child by age 2 !

Diphtheria

  • Easily spread through coughing or sneezing.
  • Early symptoms are sore throat, slight fever and chills.
  • Can interfere with swallowing and cause suffocation.
  • Can cause heart failure or paralysis if allowed to go untreated.
  • Can be prevented with DTaP Vaccine (Td for adults).

Haemophilus influenzae type b (also known as Hib disease)

  • More serious in infants under one year of age.
  • Causes pneumonia and infections of the blood, joints, bones, soft tissues, throat and covering of the heart.
  • Before the vaccine, caused Meningitis in about 12,000 children per year; about one in four suffered permanent brain damage; and about one in 20 died.
  • Hib Vaccine prevents this disease.

Hepatitis B

  • Infants born to infected mothers have up to an 85% chance of getting the infection.
  • HBV infection is spread within families and communities.
  • Infection at birth or during early childhood can result in long-term chronic illness.
  • Chronically infected persons can develop chronic liver disease and a rare form of cancer.
  • HBV Vaccine prevents this disease.

Measles

  • Highly contagious.
  • Causes a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose and watery eyes, lasting from one to two weeks.
  • May lead to ear infections and pneumonia.
  • May cause encephalitis, which may lead to convulsions, deafness or mental retardation.
  • Of every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die.
  • MMR Vaccine prevents this disease.

Mumps

  • Causes ear infections and pneumonia in one out of every 20 children who get it.
  • Causes encephalitis that can lead to convulsions, deafness or mental retardation in one out of every 1,000 children who get it.
  • Causes fever, headache and inflammation of the salivary glands, resulting in swelling of cheeks or jaw.
  • One out of every 10 who get mumps may develop Meningitis or Encephalitis.
  • Can result in permanent loss of hearing.
  • MMR Vaccine prevents this disease.

Pertussis (also known as whooping cough)

  • Highly contagious.
  • Causes severe spells of coughing which can interfere with eating, drinking and breathing.
  • Complications may include pneumonia, convulsions or encephalitis.
  • In the United States about 65% of reported cases occur in children under 5, and half of those are infants less than one year old.
  • In recent years, an average of 3,500 cases were reported in the United States.
  • Can be prevented with DTaP Vaccine.

Polio

  • Serious cases cause paralysis and death.
  • Mild cases cause fever, sore throat, nausea, headaches, stomach aches, stiffness in the neck, back and legs.
  • Can be prevented with the Polio Vaccine.

Rubella (also known as German Measles)

  • Most serious in pregnant women; there is an 80% chance that it will cause defects in the unborn child if infection occurs in early pregnancy.
  • Symptoms include mild discomfort, slight fever for 24 hours, joint pain, and a rash on the face and neck lasting for two or three days.
  • MMR Vaccine prevents this disease.

Tetanus (also known as lockjaw)

  • Enters the body through a wound.
  • Produces a poison which affects the body's nervous system.
  • Symptoms are headache, irritability, stiffness in jaw and neck.
  • Causes muscle spasms in jaw, neck, arms, legs and abdomen.
  • May require intensive hospital care.
  • Three out of every 10 people in the United States who get Tetanus die.
  • Can be prevented with DTaP Vaccine (Td for adults).

Varicella (also known as chickenpox)

  • Highly contagious.
  • Four million cases occur in the United States each year.
  • Causes more than 9,000 hospitalizations and up to 100 deaths each year.
  • Most cases occur in children under 15 years of age.
  • Causes fever, body aches and an itchy rash. The rash first appears as red spots, which quickly become raised bumps and then develop into blisters.
  • Newborns and the immunocompromised are at higher risk of complications.
  • Can cause painful skin lesions, known as Herpes Zoster or shingles, later in life.
  • VAR Vaccine prevents this disease.