Decennial Census - Census 2010

  NYC & Boroughs Community Districts NTAs* Census Tracts / Other Geographies
Demographic Profile, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document      
Demographic Profile, 2000-2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document    
  NYC & Boroughs Community Districts NTAs* Census Tracts / Other Geographies
Total Population and Persons Per Acre, 2000-2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Population, 1970-2010
    PDF Document  Excel Document    
Total Population, 1990-2010
        PDF Document  Excel Document - RGN
Census LATFOR Prisoner Adjusted Population
    PDF Document    
  NYC & Boroughs Community Districts NTAs* Census Tracts / Other Geographies
Total Population by Single Years of Age and Sex, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document - ZCTA
Total Population by Selected Age Groups and Sex, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document    
Total Population, Under 18, and 18 +, 2000-2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Population by Sex by 5 Year Age Groups, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Population 21 Years and Under by Sex by Selected Age Groups, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Population 60 Years and Over by Sex by Selected Age Groups, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
  NYC & Boroughs Community Districts NTAs* Census Tracts / Other Geographies
Total Population, Under 18, and 18+  by Race/Hispanic Origin, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
PDF Document  Excel Document - CT
PDF Document  Excel Document - CB
Total Population, Under 18, and 18+  by Race/Hispanic Origin, 1990-2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document    
Nonhispanics of Two or More Races by Selected Racial Combinations, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Race/Hispanic Groups by Single Years of Age and Sex, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document   Excel Document
Race/Hispanic Groups by Selected Age Groups and Sex, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document    
Hispanic Population by Selected Subgroups, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Asian Population by Selected Subgroups, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
  NYC & Boroughs Community Districts NTAs* Census Tracts / Other Geographies
Total Housing Units by Vacancy Status, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document     PDF Document  Excel Document - CT
PDF Document  Excel Document - CB
Total Housing Units by Vacancy Status, 2000-2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Housing Units, 1990-2010
    PDF Document  Excel Document    
Total Housing Units by Occupancy Status and Tenure, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Occupied Housing Units by Household Size, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Occupied Housing Units by Tenure and Age of Householder, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Households by Household and Family Type, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
Persons in Group Quarters by Type, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document     PDF Document  Excel Document
Total Population by Household Relationship and Group Quarters, 2010
  PDF Document  Excel Document   PDF Document  Excel Document PDF Document  Excel Document
  NTAs* Census Tracts
Total Population, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Population Density, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  NTAs* Census Tracts
White Nonhispanic, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document  
Hispanic, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document  
Black Nonhispanic, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document  
Asian Nonhispanic, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document  
  NTAs* Census Tracts
Hispanic Subgroups, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document  
  NTAs* Census Tracts
Asian Subgroups, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document
  NTAs* Census Tracts
Total Housing Units, 2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
Vacant Units, 2010 (Percent) PDF Document PDF Document
  Numeric Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document
  Percent Change, 2000-2010 PDF Document PDF Document

While there is no way of knowing the true impact on the characteristics of the population developed from the decennial census data and the American Community Survey,2 we have taken steps to adjust the population to at least partially compensate for the vacant unit problem in Brooklyn and Queens.

The 2008 New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey (HVS), the standard for measurement of vacancy, was used to estimate the true number of vacant units. 3 The 2010 Census reported that Brooklyn LCO 2227 had 11 percent of housing units vacant, compared to 4 percent in the 2008 HVS. In Queens, LCO 2235 reported nearly 8 percent of all units vacant in the 2010 Census, compared to 5 percent in the 2008 HVS. We applied the 2008 HVS vacancy percentages to the total housing units from the 2010 Census to create a more realistic number of vacant units; the difference between the 2010 Census and the estimate using the 2008 HVS was treated as the excess number of vacant units reported in the decennial census. 4 The 2010 Census average household size was then applied to these excess units to obtain the population that was missed. This calculation added 48,211 people to LCO 2227 and 8,160 persons to LCO 2235.

In LCO 2235, there was also an issue of adding-in population for units that were erroneously deleted. We first compared the 2010 DCP estimate of total housing units with the 2010 Census count. By subtracting the 2010 Census housing units from the DCP total housing units, we were able to determine the possible deleted units in the LCO. To be conservative, we treated only 35 percent of these units as erroneous deletions. The deleted units were then multiplied by the average household size to obtain the population that was missed. This added another 11,120 persons to LCO 2235.

Thus, our estimates of the people who were missed due to erroneous vacancies in Brooklyn and vacancies and deleted units in Queens added 48,211 people to the total population in Brooklyn and 19,280 to the total population of Queens. The additional population brought New York City’s 2010 total population from 8,175,133 up to 8,242,624.

2010 Census Enumeration and DCP Adjusted Population
  2010 Population Difference
  Census Enumeration DCP Adjusted Number Percent
New York City 8,175,133 8,242,624 67,491 0.8
  Bronx 1,385,108 1,385,108 - -
  Brooklyn 2,504,700 2,552,911 48,211 1.9
  Manhattan 1,585,873 1,585,873 - -
  Queens 2,230,722 2,250,002 19,280 0.9
  Staten Island 468,730 468,730 - -
Source: 2010 Census, U.S. Census Bureau; Population Division- New York City Department of City Planning

 

The additional population was calculated for the census tracts in each LCO and then summed to the PUMA and borough levels.

Additional Population by PUMA
PUMA Additional Population
LCO 2227 48,211
4009 2,994
4012 18
4013 12,129
4014 4,427
4015 3,795
4016 10,824
4017 11,733
4018 2,291
LCO 2235 19,280
4101 8,437
4102 1,494
4107 4,077
4109 5,272

The Census Bureau, in cooperation with the Department of City Planning, had estimated the city’s population to be around 8.4 million as of July 2010. The 2010 Census enumerated New York City’s population at 8,175,133, well short of the estimate and, we believe, indicative of an undercount of the city’s population. This was partly due to the 2010 Census reporting an increase of 82,000 vacant units in New York City, or a 46 percent rise since 2000. A disproportionate share of this increase was found in two local census offices (LCOs) covering southern Brooklyn and northwest Queens, both vibrant sections of the city. The huge concentration of vacant units in these areas cannot be explained by new construction or foreclosures; nor is it consistent with other survey and administrative data. The City of New York challenged these census findings under the Census Bureau’s Count Question Resolution (CQR) Program.

In April of 2012, The Census Bureau determined that New York City’s CQR challenge of August 2011 would not result in a change in the City’s official 2010 population. The Census Bureau's examination of the addresses City Planning submitted did not reveal errors admissible under CQR. Admissible errors are only those concerning geographic boundaries and the processing of data already collected in the census enumeration; the Census Bureau does not change numbers produced from an enumeration, unless the error falls into those categories. The CQR process did not consider other types of errors in the 2010 Census that may have affected the city’s population count, including anomalies in the census count that we identified in portions of Brooklyn and Queens. These anomalies revealed significant shortcomings in Census Bureau procedures, which resulted in growing neighborhoods being undercounted. Therefore, we believe that it is important to provide those who develop policies, assess needs, plan programs and deliver services with revised, and albeit unofficial, populations for Brooklyn and Queens, based on a revision of the numbers for the two problematic areas. The revision also will be incorporated into the base population used to launch the next round of population projections for New York City.

It is important to note that the Census Bureau showed a real willingness to work with the City and carefully examined our appeal, but it is unfortunate that no mechanism currently exists to rectify the errors we identified. City Planning’s demographers and technical specialists will continue to engage with their counterparts at the Census Bureau to examine what occurred and to improve census procedures, thereby helping to ensure a more accurate count of New Yorkers in the 2020 Census.1

While there is no way of knowing the true impact on the characteristics of the population developed from the decennial census data and the American Community Survey,2 we have taken steps to adjust the population to at least partially compensate for the vacant unit problem in Brooklyn and Queens.

The 2008 New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey (HVS), the standard for measurement of vacancy, was used to estimate the true number of vacant units. 3 The 2010 Census reported that Brooklyn LCO 2227 had 11 percent of housing units vacant, compared to 4 percent in the 2008 HVS. In Queens, LCO 2235 reported nearly 8 percent of all units vacant in the 2010 Census, compared to 5 percent in the 2008 HVS. We applied the 2008 HVS vacancy percentages to the total housing units from the 2010 Census to create a more realistic number of vacant units; the difference between the 2010 Census and the estimate using the 2008 HVS was treated as the excess number of vacant units reported in the decennial census. 4 The 2010 Census average household size was then applied to these excess units to obtain the population that was missed. This calculation added 48,211 people to LCO 2227 and 8,160 persons to LCO 2235.

In LCO 2235, there was also an issue of adding-in population for units that were erroneously deleted. We first compared the 2010 DCP estimate of total housing units with the 2010 Census count. By subtracting the 2010 Census housing units from the DCP total housing units, we were able to determine the possible deleted units in the LCO. To be conservative, we treated only 35 percent of these units as erroneous deletions. The deleted units were then multiplied by the average household size to obtain the population that was missed. This added another 11,120 persons to LCO 2235.

Thus, our estimates of the people who were missed due to erroneous vacancies in Brooklyn and vacancies and deleted units in Queens added 48,211 people to the total population in Brooklyn and 19,280 to the total population of Queens. The additional population brought New York City’s 2010 total population from 8,175,133 up to 8,242,624.

2010 Census Enumeration and DCP Adjusted Population
  2010 Population Difference
  Census Enumeration DCP Adjusted Number Percent
New York City 8,175,133 8,242,624 67,491 0.8
  Bronx 1,385,108 1,385,108 - -
  Brooklyn 2,504,700 2,552,911 48,211 1.9
  Manhattan 1,585,873 1,585,873 - -
  Queens 2,230,722 2,250,002 19,280 0.9
  Staten Island 468,730 468,730 - -
Source: 2010 Census, U.S. Census Bureau; Population Division- New York City Department of City Planning

 

The additional population was calculated for the census tracts in each LCO and then summed to the PUMA and borough levels.

Additional Population by PUMA
PUMA Additional Population
LCO 2227 48,211
4009 2,994
4012 18
4013 12,129
4014 4,427
4015 3,795
4016 10,824
4017 11,733
4018 2,291
LCO 2235 19,280
4101 8,437
4102 1,494
4107 4,077
4109 5,272