Features such as a 24/7 subway system, citywide bus network, and dense, walkable communities provide New Yorkers with clean transportation options. Still, emissions from private vehicles and trucks operating in the city account for 23 percent of the city’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, private cars contribute 16 percent of the citywide total, trucks add another 4 percent, and other sources (e.g., mass transit) combine for another 3 percent. On-road vehicles also emit particulates and other air pollutants such as nitrogen and sulfur oxides (NOX and SOX), which contribute to asthma rates and premature mortality.
Beyond the currently planned investments in better buses, an expanded bike network, safer streets, and improved transit, the City is working to identify opportunities for further emissions reductions from cars and trucks to achieve the necessary greenhouse gas emissions reductions on a trajectory to the 80 x 50 goal. Increasing the use of low- or zero-emission vehicles, such as electric vehicles (EVs), represents a significant contribution toward this goal.
The City is already working to encourage the use of alternative vehicles
. For example, since the end of 2014, the electrical systems of all new parking garages and open parking lots, as well as those undergoing increases in electric service, must be capable of supporting EV charging stations. The City is also leading by example, taking measures to reduce the air emissions from its own vehicle fleet. The City currently owns and operates 280 EVs, and virtually all of its heavy-duty vehicles run on diesel blended with at least 5 percent of renewable biodiesel.
The City is continuing to take bold steps to lead by example in the reduction of transportation-related emissions through NYC Clean Fleet
, committing to introduce the largest municipal EV fleet in the U.S. and cut greenhouse gas emissions from its vehicle fleet in half by 2025 and 80 percent by 2035. This initiative will spur private fleets and other government fleets to follow its lead toward cleaner transportation systems.