Plans for L Train Tunnel Closure

L Train at Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn

Overview

For 15 months starting in April of 2019, all MTA New York City Transit (NYCT) L train service will be suspended across the East River and within Manhattan to repair damage caused by Superstorm Sandy. The L train will still run within Brooklyn, serving all stops. The temporary closure will directly affect 275,000 of the L Train's 400,000 daily riders, and indirectly affect many more throughout the city. All alternative transit services and traffic management policies are temporary for the duration of the L train closure. Full details about the L train closure are available via MTA New York City Transit.

NYC DOT plans to begin implementation of the proposed street treatments beginning in summer 2018, with substantial completion expected in winter 2018. The anticipated start date of restricted traffic access along 14th Street is still pending, and is largely dependent on NYCT’s launch date of M14 SBS.

MTA Resources

For more information about the Canarsie Tunnel Reconstruction project and its resources, visit http://web.mta.info/sandy/resources.html. More info about the impact of Sandy on the Canarsie Tunnel is available here web.mta.info/sandy.
Sandy and Its Impacts Report What’s Happening to L Service? Rebuilding the Canarsie Tunnel

14th Street Corridor Traffic Analysis

A detailed traffic analysis related to the planned L Train Canarsie Tube Closure beginning in April 2019 is available here. The analysis looks at existing conditions and evaluates potential impacts of various options for mitigating the impact of the closure.
14th Street Corridor Traffic Analysis Memo 14th Street Traffic Memo Appendices DOT & MTA Press Release

NYC DOT Street Redesigns & Safety Improvements

NYC DOT has proposed street redesigns to mitigate the impact of the upcoming L Train closure.

Visit DOT's Current Projects page to learn about safety improvement projects.

L Train Street Redesigns Safety Improvements

Manhattan

14th Street Busway Proposal
To support the extraordinarily demand for surface transit and increased pedestrian activity, DOT is proposing an exclusive “Busway” along the core of 14th Street (Ninth to Third Avenues eastbound and Third to Eighth Avenues westbound). Additionally, offset bus lanes are planned to be added from Eighth Avenue to Ninth Avenue westbound, and a combination of curbside and offset bus lanes are expected to be added from First Avenue to Third Avenue in both directions. The street redesign includes temporary bus bulbs and expanded sidewalks to the corridor. DOT also plans to add new pedestrian space along Union Square West from 14th to 15th Streets and 16th to 17th Streets. Under this plan, access to the Busway would be mostly limited to M14 local and SBS buses. In addition, Access-A-Ride vehicles, local deliveries, emergency vehicles, and private cars accessing parking garages would also be permitted. 14th Street bus priority treatments would be in effect during peak periods, with specific hours still to be determined.

L Train 14th Street Busway

Grand Street
During the L Train closure, the L1, L2, and L3 shuttle routes will travel across the Williamsburg Bridge down Grand Street making a stop at Grand Street and Bushwick Avenue. NYC DOT will be implementing a parking protected bike lane in the eastbound direction and a protected bike lane in the westbound direction. This proposals purpose is to add connectivity to the already existing bike network and to serve the large increase in cyclists expected during the shutdown.

NYC DOT will be adding loading zones to help trucks making deliveries to Grand Street’s many businesses. As part of the project, NYC DOT will also implement short segments of bus lanes from Morgan Avenue to Catherine Street and Rodney Street to Keap Street.

L Train Grand Street Site Plan

Delancey Street Protected Bike Lanes and Safety Improvements
Currently, more than 7,500 bicycles use the bridge daily, and DOT anticipates a sharp increase in ridership during the L train shutdown. This project will improve connectivity on the Manhattan side of the bridge in anticipation of the projected increase. DOT is proposing a Jersey barrier protected bike lane and pedestrian safety enhancements on Delancey St between Clinton St and Chrystie St in Manhattan. The proposal aims to improve bicycle access from the Williamsburg Bridge to the existing protected bike lanes on Allen St and Chrystie St.

As part of the project, NYC DOT will also implement pedestrian safety improvements, including painted median extensions along the Delancey St median, creating shorter safer crossings for pedestrians. This project was presented to Manhattan Community Board 3’s (CB 3) Transportation Committee in April 2017. CB 3 supported the proposal and implementation is expected to begin in May 2018. Download a slideshow about the project (pdf)

DOT is planning bus priority on Delancey Street and Allen Street to accommodate the high number of L train shuttle buses. On Delancey Street from Williamsburg Bridge to Bowery westbound, NYC DOT will implement an offset bus lane to help the shuttle buses move freely throughout this area. From Essex Street to Williamsburg Bridge, curbside bus lanes will be added. On Allen Street from Delancey Street to Houston Street, offset bus lanes will be added in both directions. Buses currently running on these streets will benefit from these lanes.

L Train Allen and Delancey Streets

13th Street Bike Path Proposal
With the L Train closure, DOT expects bike ridership to double at a minimum. To address this dramatic increase in cyclists, DOT proposes a protected two-way bike path across 13th Street in Manhattan to offer a safe, accessible option for thousands of daily cyclists. Parking on the south side of the street would be removed and replaced with a standard two-way path separated from the vehicular roadway by a buffer and flexible delineators.

L Train 13th Street

Here’s a look at the proposed bicycle network connections across lower Manhattan:

L Train Bike Project Map

Union Square Pedestrian Plaza Expansions
As a result of the Canarsie Tunnel closure, the Union Square subway station is projected to see some of the greatest changes in passenger flows. With that, increased pedestrian space and bicycle parking space would be needed to provide relief to already congested sidewalks and meet the new pedestrian and cycling demand.

Along with additional temporary pedestrian space along the curb lanes of 14th Street, DOT is considering the following improvements to Union Square West:

  • Create much-needed new pedestrian space from East 17th to East 16th Streets and E 15th to East 14th Streets
  • Add bike connections from Broadway to University Place
  • Keep East 16th Street to East 15th Street open for local access and circulation for deliveries and passenger pick-up/drop-off

Create additional space for secure bicycle parking, including valet facilities, on the block of University Place between E 14th Street and E 13th Street, just south of Union Square.

L Train Union Square

E 20th St Bike Path
DOT proposes a protected two-way bike path on E 20th Street in Manhattan to offer a safe, accessible option for an anticipated increase in bicycle traffic. The proposed design on E 20th Street, between 1st Avenue and Avenue C, would upgrade standard bicycle lanes to a standard two-way bicycle path along the north curb, separated from the vehicular roadway by a channelized buffer and floating parking lane. The proposal includes standard bus boarding islands along the route for M23 and M9 stops, as well as expanded pedestrian space and a shortened pedestrian crossing distances at Avenue C. The bike path would also provide an upgraded connection between the bicycle network and the East River Greenway, and would connect to L Train Shuttle Ferry at Stuyvesant Cove and M14 bus service (E 20th Street and Avenue C).

L Train 20th Street

Williamsburg Bridge

Buses on the Williamsburg Bridge
The Williamsburg Bridge provides the most direct connection for many customers who rely on the L train. New temporary shuttle bus routes traveling across the bridge will need to move 30,000+ daily passengers. Fast, reliable bus service is not possible under current traffic conditions, so DOT has developed a plan to prioritize buses on the bridge.

L Train Williamsburg Bridge Bus Priority Plan

Brooklyn

Williamsburg Bridge Access and Connections
The bike network around the L train stops in Williamsburg and Bushwick will be expanded to increase safety and access for the additional ridership anticipated during the closure. These proposals will:

  • Enhance eastbound bike route on Grand St to protected bike lane
  • Enhance westbound bike route on Grand St to curbside bike lane with a buffer
  • Create alternative bike route on Devoe St in westbound direction
  • Provide north/south connections on Union and Morgan Aves
  • Continue to develop Bushwick bike network with additional routes

L Train Williamsburg Bike Network

In 2017, NYC DOT completed safety improvements to the Brooklyn entrance of the Williamsburg Bridge bike path, improving connections from the Bridge to East Williamsburg and Bushwick. The project improves Williamsburg Bridge bike access from S. 4th Street and Borinquen Place, while repurposing underutilized space underneath the BQE on-ramp to create a new crossing for cyclists and pedestrians. Concrete barriers, used along La Guarina Playground, create dedicated bike lanes while slowing traffic along an area frequented by children. Download a slideshow about the project (pdf)

L Train 5th Street, Brooklyn

Devoe St, Metropolitan St, Union St
NYC DOT is proposing westbound alternatives for cyclists biking from Maspeth to the Williamsburg Bridge. This includes additional facilities on Metropolitan Ave from Grand St to Morgan Ave and Devoe St from Morgan Ave to Union Ave. These additional bike lanes will supplement the existing network, providing a growing number of cyclists a safe transportation option as part of the L Train Mitigation.

NYC Bike Share: Expanding Citi Bike Service
DOT envisions Citi Bike playing an active role in transporting New Yorkers to where they need to go during the 15 month closure.

L Train Broadway at East 22nd Street

Community Engagement, Events & Resources

DOT and MTA NYCT are committed to ongoing community outreach and dialogue through the planning and implementation of this project. MTA and DOT are working closely with the affected communities and have had over 70 stakeholder meetings to develop the mitigation plan. In addition, DOT and MTA have hosted public workshops and open houses to engage with the public.

DOT will continue to work with businesses and residents on adjacent streets regarding traffic-calming strategies and curb access needs ahead of implementation, and will continue to respond to concerns once the L train closure begins.

Upcoming Town Halls (May 2018) Flyer Presentation from Brooklyn Town Hall on May 16, 2018 Presentation from Manhattan Town Hall on May 9, 2018 Photos from Manhattan Town Hall on May 9, 2018 Click here for a list of MTA and NYC DOT community engagement, public meetings and outreach events regarding the L Train Closure Public Open Houses were held in January and February 2018. Let's Talk About the L Train Workshops were held in February and March 2017. MTA Resources: Community Board Presentations

Additional Resources
NYC Bike Map NYC Bike Parking DOT Letter Regarding L Train Mitigation Measures

Contact DOT

Sign up for L Train Updates from NYC DOT via email here.

For more information please email L-train_outreach@dot.nyc.gov or Contact the Commissioner here