The James L. Zadroga 9/11 Health & Compensation Act, signed into law by President Obama in early 2011, establishes the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program. It ensures that those exposed to the 9/11 disaster continue to receive monitoring and treatment services for 9/11-related health problems through at least 2090.
The WTC Health Program consists of a Responder Program (for rescue and recovery workers, including more than 15,000 New York City firefighters) and a Survivor Program (for those who lived, worked or went to school in lower Manhattan on 9/11). Services are also available for responders to the Pentagon and Shanksville, Penn., sites also attacked on 9/11. Eligible people can receive services, no matter where they now live in the U.S.
The director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) administers the WTC Health Program. The federal government and New York City pay for it.
In addition, the 9/11 Health and Compensation Act re-opened the September 11 Victim Compensation Fund. The fund allows those affected to file claims for economic losses due to physical harm or death caused by 9/11. Most people were required to register by October 3, 2013; however people with WTC-related cancer or who first became aware of their WTC-related illnesses after October 3, 2011 can still register.