Board of Correction Reports

Board of Correction Reports


Studies of the Department of Correction Inmate Grievance and Request Program

To further objectives related to its City Charter responsibilities, its history of work in this area, and as part of its responsibility to monitor jail conditions, the Board undertook an assessment of the inmate grievance program operated by the Department. The Board sought to understand the current patterns and trends in filing and responding to grievances and the effectiveness, consistency and timeliness of the current system.

Download Second Assessment of the New York City Department of Correction Inmate Grievance System (June 2018) 

Download A Study of the Department of Correction Inmate Grievance and Request Program (October 2016) 

Access to Health and Mental Health Care (July-December 2017)

This report summarizes findings on the outcomes of scheduled health and mental health services using data reported in the Correctional Health Services monthly access reports for the last six months of 2017. Despite great challenges to providing care in the jail setting, CHS has consistently reported that overall, around 80% of all scheduled appointments are completed, with higher completion rates at half of DOC’s facilities. Notwithstanding these rates and improved transparency, significant gaps in reporting on the Standards and persistent challenges affecting access to care remain. Additionally, jails and services differ in the barriers to care, and not all jails are equal in their ability to provide care.  These findings indicate there is more work to be done to improve coordination and compliance with the Minimum Standards in key areas.

Ensuring the delivery of health and mental health services to people in custody is a critical part of the Board of Correction's mission. The Board, an independent oversight authority for the City’s jails, monitors compliance with longstanding regulations that require services consistent with accepted professional standards and sound professional judgment and practice. Health and Hospitals’ Correctional Health Services is responsible for providing health and mental health care in the jails while the Department of Correction provides security for and transportation to these services.

 Download the Access to Health and Mental Health Care (July - December 2017) Report

An Assessment of the Transgender Housing Unit

The Department of Correction (DOC) issued its Transgender Housing Unit (THU) policy on alternative housing options for transgender people in custody in December 2014. DOC’s THU policy requires transgender men to be housed in protective custody at the Rose M. Singer Center (RMSC) and transgender women to be housed in a facility designed for male occupancy. The THU is available exclusively to transgender women but is not guaranteed for all transgender women.

Through data analysis and observations of the THU, this assessment of the THU seeks to inform the ongoing discussion of the unit’s operations, future plans for the unit, and implementation of Minimum Standards intended to ensure the safety of transgender people in custody.

Download the Assessment of the Transgender Housing Unit

Splashing Report

As a start toward establishing a better understanding of splashings and their prevalence in New York City jails, Board of Correction staff reviewed all occurrences of splashings reported in 2017. While preliminary, this report represents the most comprehensive public empirical analysis on splashings in the country.

Splashings are defined in DOC policy as “any incident wherein a person in custody intentionally causes an employee to come in contact with any fluid or fluid like substance.” Fluid or fluid like substances range from water and milk to bodily fluids such as urine, feces, spit, and blood.

Download the Splashing Report

Lockdowns Report

Department of Correction policy permits staff to lockdown housing areas and facilities to investigate violent incidents, avoid serious violent incidents, conduct searches for contraband, or restore order. Despite a 32% decrease in the DOC average daily population since 2008, there has been an 88% increase in lockdowns through November 2017.

The Board of Correction monitors the length of lockdowns and their impact on programs and services mandated by Minimum Standards including access to health and mental health services. Lockdowns hinder DOC’s and Correctional Health Services’ ability to meet the Minimum Standards. As a security response that impacts a large number of people and services, lockdowns also contribute to perceptions of unfair and excessive punishment, frustrations, and tensions in the facilities.

Download the Lockdowns Report (January 2018)
Additional Lockdown Findings (January 2018)
Audit of DOC Facility Report of Area Lock-In Forms (April 2018)

Enhanced Supervision Housing (ESH) Assessment and ESH for Young Adults Assessment

In October 2014, as the Board debated historic punitive segregation reforms, the Department proposed a new restrictive housing unit, Enhanced Supervision Housing, that it believed to be a critical part of its punitive segregation and violence reduction plans. The Board ultimately approved a modified version of the proposal. BOC staff published an April 2017 report studying the first twenty-two months of adult ESH placement (February 2015 - November 2016) and is intended to inform the Board's discussion of the effectiveness of ESH. In July 2017, BOC staff published a second report studying ESH for Young Adults, reviewing all young adult placements between September 2016 and March 2017.

Download the Enhanced Supervision Housing (ESH) Assessment and ESH for Young Adults Assessment

Adolescent and Young Adults in NYC Jails: Key Performance Indicators

This quarterly report creates a series of metrics to measure and evaluate compliance with the City's Minimum Standards for confinement and to track other conditions and policies that impact change toward safer and more humane jails for adolescents and young adults.

Download Adolescent and Young Adults in NYC Jails: Key Performance Indicators

Punitive Segregation Reforms and Exceptions: Recent Results

This quarterly report  is the Board's findings concerning the impact of recent Minimum Standards amendments on the use of punitive segregation in the City's jails and an analysis of the overrides and 7-day waivers aprproved by the Chief of Department.

Download Punitive Segregation Reforms and Exceptions: Recent Results

Visit Reports

Restriction Monthly Review

This monthly report analyzes DOC visit restrictions and BOC visit appeals.

Download Visit Restriction Monthly Reviews

Visit Directive and Practice Analysis 

December 2017 - Guided by the crucial role that contact visits play in violence reduction, rehabilitation, and reentry, the Board reviewed the Department's new visit Directive and analyzed over a years' worth of visit restriction data.  The analyses identify ways for both agencies to enhance access to visiting; improve safety of staff, people in custody, and visitors; and ensure restrictions on visiting are tailored and go no further than what is necessary to address serious threats to safety and security.

Other Reports:


  • Follow-up report on Enhanced Supervision Housing as of April 30, 2015 This is the second report on Enhanced Supervision Housing (ESH). It provides updated demographic information on the ESH inmates, unit operations, and unusual incidents. It then analyzes ESH's mission and some ongoing challenges.
  • Report on the status of punitive segregation reform This report serves as an update on the Department of Correction's (DOC) implementation of the amendments to punitive segregation (PS). It includes a description of the three types of punitive segregation units and information on punitive segregation admissions and transfers. Finally, it presents a discussion of problems with punitive segregation and concluding remarks.
  • Violence in New York City Jails: Slashing and Stabbing Incidents An analysis of the Department of Correction's data on stabbing and slashing incidents and weapons. The report notes that the vast majority of all weapons recovered by DOC staff are jail-made weapons fashioned from materials found inside the jails.
  • Preliminary Report on the Enhanced Supervision Housing Unit This report serves as a first-look at the Department of Correction's (DOC) implementation of Enhanced Supervision Housing (ESH). We summarize the background of ESH and provide a timeline. We then present details on the inmates currently housed in ESH, as well as how the new unit has been operating.
  • Violence Indicators Report Report of violence indicators, March 17, 2015.
  • Comparison of Historical Rates of Violence This report compares of historical rates of violence between inmates and rates of staff use of force on inmates.



  • Three Adolescents with Mental Illness in Punitive Segregation at Rikers Island This report describes the life and jail experience of three mentally ill adolescents who were each sentenced to more than 200 days in punitive segregation at Rikers Island. Mentally ill adolescents in punitive segregation merit special attention because they are among the most vulnerable prisoners in custody.