Local Law 95 of 2018 requires the New York City Commission on Human Rights to conspicuously post on its website resources about sexual harassment, including an explanation that sexual harassment is a form of unlawful discrimination under local law. Download the required legal notice in English (Legal size, Letter size), Spanish (Legal size, Letter size) and fact sheet (English, Spanish) for distribution to employees. NOTE: The legal notice is required to be posted by NYC employers in both English and Spanish.

For more info, see our FAQ page.

Sexual Harassment is Discrimination and is Illegal in NYC

The NYC Human Rights Law protects all individuals against discrimination based on gender, which includes sexual harassment in the workplace, in housing, and in public accommodations like stores and restaurants. Sexual harassment is unwelcome verbal or physical behavior based on a person’s gender and can include unwanted touching; offensive and suggestive gestures or comments; asking about a person’s sex life or making sexualized remarks about a person’s appearance; sexualizing the work environment with imagery or other items; or telling sexual jokes. Violators can be held accountable with civil penalties of up to $250,000 in the case of a willful violation.

The Commission can also assess emotional distress damages and other remedies to the victim, can require the Violator to undergo training, and can mandate other remedies such as community service.

Recent Amendments to Strengthen Sexual Harassment Protections Under the NYC Human Rights Law

On May 9, 2018, Mayor Bill de Blasio signed the Stop Sexual Harassment in NYC Act, a comprehensive legislative package aimed at addressing and preventing sexual harassment in the workplace, into law. Included in the package is an expansion of the City Human Rights Law in cases of gender-based harassment to increase the statute of limitations from one year to three years and expand protections to all employees, regardless of the size of their employer.


Additional obligations for employers include:

1. Under Local Law 96 of 2018, employers with 15 or more employees are required to conduct annual anti-sexual harassment training for all employees. Effective April 2019, employers must ensure all employees are trained annually, beginning with Calendar Year 2019, and every year thereafter.  The Commission will develop and share an online training to be available on its website that will satisfy this requirement on or before April 1, 2019. Employers may also choose to provide their own annual anti-sexual harassment training for employees provided that it includes the following elements:

  • An explanation of sexual harassment as a form of unlawful discrimination under local law;
  • A statement that sexual harassment is also a form of unlawful discrimination under state and federal law;
  • A description of what sexual harassment is, using examples;
  • Any internal complaint process available to employees through their employer to address sexual harassment claims;
  • The complaint process available through the Commission, the New York State Division of Human Rights and the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, including contact information;
  • The prohibition of retaliation including examples;
  • Information concerning bystander intervention, including but not limited to any resources that explain how to engage in bystander intervention; and
  • The specific responsibilities of supervisory and managerial employees in the prevention of sexual harassment and retaliation, and measures that such employees may take to appropriately address sexual harassment complaints.

Employers shall keep a record of all trainings, including a signed employee acknowledgement. These may be kept electronically.

2. Under Local Law 95 of 2018, all employers in the City are required to conspicuously display anti-sexual harassment rights and responsibilities notices in both English  (Legal size, Letter size) and Spanish (Legal size, Letter size) and distribute a factsheet (English, Spanish) to individual employees at the time of hire which may be included in an employee handbook.

Scenarios to Help You Identify Discrimination

Sonia is a cocktail server in a bar/restaurant. She likes the job and the tips she is making. However, one of the regular customers gives her a hard time. He touches her when she walks by and occasionally makes comments about her body. Sonia has told her boss who tells her to “deal with it” because she is making good tips.

Anna is a recent immigrant to the United States and has a job cleaning office buildings in the evening. Her supervisor has brushed up against her, flirted with her, and recently told her that unless she goes to bed with him she will lose her job. Anna is frightened and does not say anything to anyone.

Tim, a communications assistant, frequently tells crude jokes about sex during department meetings. Beth, a graphic artist, is very offended and doesn’t think Tim’s jokes are funny. She tells Tim to stop, but he doesn’t stop and says she is being “overly sensitive” and that it’s just a joke.

Retaliation is Prohibited

It is a violation of the law for an employer to take action against you because you oppose or speak out against sexual harassment in the workplace. The NYC Human Rights Law prohibits employers from retaliating or discriminating “in any manner against any person” because that person opposed an unlawful discriminatory practice. Retaliation can manifest through direct actions, such as demotions or terminations, or more subtle behavior, such an increased work load or being transferred to a less desirable location. The NYC Human Rights Law protects individuals against retaliation who have a good faith belief that their employer’s conduct is illegal, even if it turns out that they were mistaken.

The Complaint Process at the Commission

If you are sexually harassed or discriminated against based on a protected category under the Law in New York City, please report this to the NYC Commission on Human Rights. Call 718–722–3131 or visit NYC.gov/HumanRights to fill out an online complaint form.

If you believe you are a victim of sexual harassment inform a manager or the equal employment opportunity officer at your workplace as soon as possible.

View our "Complaint Process" infographic and watch the helpful video below for an overview of the reporting process so you can have a thorough understanding of the Commission's work in investigating acts of discrimination in New York City.




Possible Outcomes

Violators can be held accountable with civil penalties of up to $250,000 in the case of a willful violation. The Commission can also assess emotional distress damages and other remedies to the victim without limit, can require the Violator to undergo training, and can mandate other remedies such as community service.

Bystander Intervention: Speak Out and Report It

When it comes to workplace sexual harassment, stigma and a fear of retribution often discourage victims from speaking out. It is critical that individual bystanders learn to recognize and intervene in instances of sexual harassment.

Bystander education and trainings can help individuals better understand sexual harassment in the workplace and how to recognize, speak out, and report it. Bystanders who take action often play an important role in disrupting the sexual harassment and improving the work environment.

For more resources and information about bystander intervention, please visit ihollaback.org

State and Federal Government Resources

Sexual harassment is also unlawful under state and federal law.

To file a complaint with the New York State Division of Human Rights, please visit the Division’s website.

To file a charge with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), please visit the EEOC’s website.