Under the New York City Charter, the CCRB has jurisdiction to investigate the following categories of police misconduct: Force, Abuse of Authority, Discourtesy, and Offensive Language, collectively known as "FADO". A complaint can contain more than one allegation, such as excessive force and discourteous language. Once an investigation is completed, the Board panel reviews each separate allegation during an investigation and makes a finding on whether misconduct occurred, as well as a recommendation on what level of penalty should follow. The Board of the CCRB has 13 members, five are chosen by the Mayor, five are chosen by the City Council, and three are chosen by the Police Commissioner. Each Board panel is intended to be composed of three members from each group. There are five general outcomes for a case that is fully investigated and reviewed:
Dispositions of Fully Investigated Allegations
An allegation is substantiated if misconduct is found to be improper based on a preponderance of the evidence.
An allegation is unsubstantiated if there is not enough evidence to determine whether or not misconduct occurred.
An allegation is unfounded if a preponderance of the evidence suggests that the event or alleged act did not occur.
An allegation is exonerated if the event did occur but was not improper by a preponderance of the evidence.
The case is closed as officer unidentified if the CCRB was unable to identify any of the officers accused of misconduct.
Additionally, a complaint can be mediated if all parties consent. The NYPD officer and complainant/victim or alleged victim discuss the incident in the presence of a neutral third-party moderator.
Finally, a complaint or allegation that cannot be fully investigated can be classified as truncated. A truncated allegation can result in four general outcomes:
Disposition of Truncated Allegations
An allegation is closed as complaint withdrawn when the complainant voluntarily withdraws the complaint.
An allegation is closed as complainant/victim/witness unavailable when the complainant, victim and/or witness cannot be located after multiple and varied attempts (This also includes complaints in which the complainant is incarcerated and the attorney advises no contact).
An allegation is closed as complainant/victim/witness uncooperative when the participation of the complainant, victim and/or witness is insufficient to enable the board to conduct a full investigation.
An allegation is closed as victim unidentified when the board is unable to identify the victim.
The Data Transparency Initiative only shows data within CCRB jurisdiction.
How to interact with the data:
To examine the data, hover the mouse over the figures.
To isolate variables, select the color of the variable in the key, or make filter selections at the top of each image.
To compare variables, left click the mouse while pressing the control key (for PC users), or left click the mouse while pressing the command key (for Mac users). Then select desired variables.
To unselect variables, click the white space in the key.
To download visualization-specific data, click on the visualization and select preferred download type.
To download a record-level dataset containing information about all complaints and allegations closed since 2006, select the link at the bottom of the page.
Note: The data is interactive and percentages will reflect the filters selected.
This website is best viewed in a Chrome or Firefox browser.
Scroll through the page or Click a specific visual.
How many allegations has the CCRB received over time?
Note: in 2015, the CCRB changed how allegations were plead to include an allegation of misconduct being investigated for every person that may have been impacted. For example, if an officer allegedly made a discourteous statement, every person who heard the statement would count as an allegation of misconduct. Return to Top
What type of allegations does the CCRB receive?
Note: A complaint can contain more than one allegation.
Force: Refers to the use of excessive or unnecessary force; behavior that includes punching or shoving and up to and including the use of deadly force. Abuse of Authority: Refers to abuse of police powers to intimidate or mistreat a civilian; for example, an officer’s refusal to provide name and badge number, or an improper “stop, question and frisk.” Discourtesy: Refers to cursing and using other foul language or gestures. Offensive Language: Refers to slurs and derogatory remarks or gestures based upon race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or physical disability.
What types of abuse of authority allegations have the CCRB received over time?
Note: 1) The allegation "Question and/or stop" became inactive in 2008, and was later replaced with separate allegations for "question" and "stop". 2) The allegation "Premise searched" became inactive in 1999, and was later replaced with "Premises entered and/or searched".