Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

STI Testing and Treatment During COVID-19

If you have STI symptoms or were exposed to an STI, call your health care provider or use your clinic’s online portal. Your provider may be able to prescribe oral treatment based on your symptoms or exposure without having you visit the clinic in person. If you do not have a health care provider, you can call the NYC Sexual Health Clinic Hotline.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many clinics and community organizations are open for business and can help you get STI testing and treatment. Always call ahead to confirm they are providing the services you need.

If you received medicine or a prescription from a sex partner who was recently diagnosed with chlamydia, gonorrhea or trichomoniasis, please review Information for People Exposed to a Sexually Transmitted Infection: Getting Treatment without Seeing a Doctor during the COVID-19 Outbreak (PDF, April 19).


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of some of the reproductive organs, including the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. PID is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but it can be a complication of untreated STIs, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

If left untreated, PID can cause severe pain and infertility (inability to have children). It can increase the risk of having a tubal (ectopic) pregnancy.

Symptoms

Some people with PID do not have symptoms. If symptoms occur, they can include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Discharge from the vagina that is different than usual
  • Pain or bleeding during or after sex
  • Fever

Prevention

Condoms and dental dams can prevent the spread of STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Get tested regularly for STIs. Prompt treatment for chlamydia and gonorrhea can prevent PID. Having multiple partners increases your risk of getting STIs.

Testing

There is no test for PID. Your health care provider will conduct a pelvic examination to diagnose PID.

Treatment

PID can be treated with antibiotics. Start treatment as early as possible because treatment can stop damage to the reproductive organs but it cannot undo any existing damage. The full treatment is needed to clear the infection. Take all the medication even if you feel better.

Return to your health care provider two to three days after completing treatment for re-testing. PID that is not treated properly can become a serious infection requiring hospitalization.

Sex Partners

PID can be caused by STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. If you were diagnosed with an STI, your sex partner(s) also need to be treated so they do not develop serious health problems, re-infect you or pass the infection on to others. Tell all of your sex partners from the previous two months about your infection so that they can be examined and treated.

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