Hepatitis

There are two types of viral hepatitis that could be passed from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth — Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.

For locations in the city offering testing and treatment for hepatitis B and C, search the NYC Health Map.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that infects and can damage the liver. It is passed from one person to another through blood, semen or vaginal fluids.

All pregnant women should be screened for Hepatitis B. If a pregnant woman tests positive for Hepatitis B, there are medicines for the mother and baby that can help prevent the baby from getting infected.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by a virus that infects and can damage the liver. It is passed from one person to another through blood. About 5% of pregnant women with hepatitis C pass the infection to their baby.

Women of childbearing age, especially those who have used drugs, are encouraged to get tested for hepatitis C. Ideally, women who have hepatitis C should be treated and cured of the infection before getting pregnant. If a woman tests positive for hepatitis C during pregnancy, she should get treated after childbirth and before getting pregnant again. Children born to women with hepatitis C should be tested for hepatitis C when they are 18 months old.

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