Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer among men in New York City, after skin cancer. It often grows slowly, with no symptoms in the early stages.
Each year in NYC, about 670 men die from prostate cancer, and an average of about 5,300 men are newly diagnosed. Prostate cancer affects men of all racial and ethnic groups. In 2014-2018 in NYC, the death rate among Black men (33.4 deaths per 100,000 men) was double that of Latino men (16.6) and White men (13.9). Asian/Pacific Islander men (6.5) had the lowest death rate from prostate cancer.
As a man ages, it is natural for his prostate to become larger. This may lead to some health problems with urinary and sexual function. These issues can be similar to the symptoms of prostate cancer. Your health care provider can help you understand what your symptoms mean.
You may be more at risk for prostate cancer if you:
Talk to your health care provider about your risks. Be sure to tell them if you have a family history of prostate cancer.
Researchers are still studying ways to prevent prostate cancer.
Talk with your health care provider about the potential benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer. The decision to get screened or not is a personal one.
Some prostate cancers grow and spread quickly, while others grow so slowly that they do not cause harm. Side effects of treatment can include incontinence and erectile dysfunction. It is important for you to balance the potential benefits and risks of screening based on your personal and family history, concerns and other medical conditions.
One of the more common ways to screen for prostate cancer is with a blood test that measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. If your PSA level indicates you may have cancer, next steps could include a repeat PSA test, imaging, a biopsy or other tests.