E-cigarettes are devices that heat a liquid, called e-liquid, into an aerosol that the user can inhale. Although e-liquids do not contain tobacco, they contain chemicals, often including flavorings, and almost always contain nicotine, which is addictive.
E-cigarettes come in many shapes and sizes and can also be called e-cigs, e-hookahs, vapes or vape pens. One popular e-cigarette, JUUL, is shaped like a USB flash drive.
Using an e-cigarette is often called "vaping" or "JUUL-ing".
The popularity of e-cigarettes among youth is alarming. In 2017, more than one in six New York City high school students reported using e-cigarettes. That means more than three times as many high school students use e-cigarettes than smoke cigarettes.
Further, in 2018, one in 15 middle school students reported using e-cigarettes. E-cigarette use was higher among older students, with one in 11 (9%) seventh grade students and one in 12 (8.4%) eighth graders using e-cigarettes, compared to one in 38 (2.6%) in sixth grade. Similar to high school students, e-cigarette use was much more common than cigarette use among middle school students.
Flavors, including mint and menthol, are one of the top reasons young people use e-cigarettes. Candy and fruit-flavored e-liquids can make e-cigarettes appealing and seem harmless. A local law was recently passed banning the sale of flavored e-cigarettes, which will go into effect in summer 2020.
E-cigarettes can be especially harmful for young people because nicotine affects them in different ways than adults. Youth who use e-cigarettes are also more likely to try cigarettes.
E-liquid ingredients vary, and the long-term health effects of e-cigarette use are unknown. We know that the aerosol from heated e-liquids can contain harmful chemicals, such as:
People can be poisoned if they swallow e-liquid or absorb it through their skin or eyes.
Defective e-cigarette batteries cause fires and explosions that can lead to serious injuries and even death.
The CDC, FDA and state and local health departments are investigating a multi-state outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury. While the investigation is ongoing, we urge New Yorkers to share information with their communities.
The evidence for e-cigarettes as a tool to help adults quit smoking is limited. To date, no e-cigarettes have been approved by the FDA as smoking-cessation devices.
People trying to quit should try FDA-approved medications, including over-the-counter and prescription options, which are known to be effective. These medications can make you nearly two times as likely to successfully quit smoking.
Most health insurance plans, including Medicaid, cover treatment to help you quit smoking.
NYC laws prohibit: