Teen Health: STI Facts

  • All untreated STIs increase the chance of someone contracting HIV.
  • STIs are common in young people. Teens make up more than 1 in 4 diagnosed STI cases in New York City.
  • More than 10,000 teen women were diagnosed with chlamydia in 2007, up 26% from 2006.
  • More than 2,300 teenagers were diagnosed with gonorrhea in 2007.
  • HIV diagnoses are rising in men who have sex with men younger than 30, mostly among blacks and Hispanics. Cases are up 43% in this group since 2001.

Some Facts

  • All untreated STIs increase the chance of someone contracting HIV.
  • STIs are common in young people. Teens make up more than 1 in 4 diagnosed STI cases in New York City.
  • More than 10,000 teen women were diagnosed with chlamydia in 2007, up 26% from 2006.
  • More than 2,300 teenagers were diagnosed with gonorrhea in 2007.
  • HIV diagnoses are rising in men who have sex with men younger than 30, mostly among blacks and Hispanics. Cases are up 43% in this group since 2001.

Chlamydia/Gonorrhea

  • These are bacterial STIs that are passed through vaginal/anal sex. They can also be passed from the throat to the genitals during oral sex. Both infections are completely curable with antibiotics.
  • In Males:, untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea can lead to…
    • Swollen, painful testes (balls)
    • The building of scar tissue in the sperm duct, preventing the man from being able to make a woman pregnant
    • Most men have no symptoms, but possible symptoms include:
      • Unusual discharge from the urethra (opening of the penis
      • Burning sensation upon urination
      • Pain in the scrotum (skin that holds testicles)
  • In females, untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea can lead to PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease), which can scar the fallopian tubes and often makes it impossible for a woman to have children. Symptoms may include:
    • Unusual discharge, i.e. fluid that women notice in their underwear (different color, odor)
    • Burning sensation upon urination
    • Pain during sex/pain in the lower stomach area
  • Most females and some males who have chlamydia or gonorrhea have NO symptoms. It is important to get tested yearly and before having sex with a new partner. Free chlamydia/gonorrhea tests are available for teens at many of the free and low cost clinics listed on this website. Call 311 to find a clinic near you.