Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Both men and women can get trichomoniasis.
Trichomoniasis is almost always spread through contact with an infected person during vaginal sex.
Your doctor or other health-care provider will collect a sample of fluid from the vagina or the penis with a small swab and have it tested at a laboratory. Some providers can test for trichomoniasis using a urine sample.
Prescription medication can cure trichomoniasis. A person can become re-infected after treatment if exposed again.
Like other STDs, if left untreated, trichomoniasis can increase a person's chance of getting or spreading HIV. If you have symptoms or think you've been exposed to trichomoniasis, get examined and treated immediately to avoid any complications.
Yes. If you're diagnosed with trichomoniasis, it's important to tell everyone you've had sex with over the past 2 months, so they can be examined and treated, too.Take all your medication as directed, even if you feel better before the medicine is finished. Don't have sex until you and the people you've had sex with have been completely treated, or you could infect each other again.
Sexually transmitted infections can be avoided by not having sex. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk of getting trichomonas and most other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, by having sex only in a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner you are sure is not infected. If you are having sex outside of such a relationship, you can reduce your risk of STDs by:
1. Always using a latex condom (or other type of latex barrier) whenever you have sex-vaginal, anal, or oral. Condoms made of "natural" materials, such as lambskin, protect against pregnancy, but not against STDs. If you are allergic to latex, you can use condoms made of polyurethane or other synthetic materials.
2. Limiting the number of people you have sex with. The more partners you have, the higher your risk.
3. Avoiding alcohol and drugs when you have sex. Drinking or getting high makes it much harder to remember to use condoms to protect yourself and others. For free, confidential help with a substance abuse problem, call (888) NYC-WELL (888-692-9355), or call 311.
Free, confidential STD exams and treatment, and confidential or anonymous HIV counseling and testing, are available at Health Department clinics in all 5 boroughs of New York City. Health insurance, proof of citizenship, and parental consent are NOT required. See a list of clinics and hours online or call 311 .