New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey (NYCHVS)

Every three years, the Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) partners with the U.S. Census Bureau to conduct the New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey (NYCHVS). The 2017 NYCHVS is now available (see link below). 

Since 1965, the NYCHVS has been used to measure the rental vacancy rate and housing stock for the five boroughs of New York City.  The rental vacancy rate is the primary purpose of the survey because it determines the continuation of current rent regulation laws. See HPD's Rent Regulation Memos based on the 2017 NYCHVS. Other important survey data include rent regulatory and homeownership status, unit, building and neighborhood conditions, rents, utility costs, employment and income, and much more about housing and households in New York City. Click here for Frequently Asked Questions.

The Census bureau surveys a sample of New York City residences, including approximately 19,000 units selected to represent all the types of housing in New York City: single family homes, apartments, condominiums, coops, and public housing, among others. The survey covers both rental and homeownership. All cases are selected at random and each selected household represents 170 other households in the five boroughs of New York City. This is why it is so important for all sampled households to answer survey questions. Every answer is held confidential and all Census Bureau employees are sworn for life to protect the privacy of survey participants and their answers.

Participation in the survey is voluntary, but the thirty minutes it takes to complete the survey will have a real impact in securing better, more affordable, and safer housing for millions of New Yorkers. And the Census bureau hires local New Yorkers to conduct the survey. So the NYCHVS isn’t just about New York City, it is by New York City and for New York City.

American Statistical Association (ASA) Data Challenge Expo 2019

The American Statustical Association (ASA) sponsors an annual Data Challenge Expo as part of its JSM meeting. The challenge, sponsored by the Computing, Government, and Graphics sections of ASA, invites students and professionals to analyze a government data set using statistical and visualization tools and methods. The data set for the 2019 data challenge is the NYCHVS. Learn more about the NYCHVS in the ASA Data Challenge Expo

NYCHVS Data Visualizations

The NYCHVS Visualizations are designed to allow users to become familiar with the variety of information available in the NYCHVS. While not all of the NYCHVS data are presented in these visualizations, the featured data will introduce users to ways to think about and explore the data. For example, in “50+ Years of Housing in New York City,” users can explore NYCHVS data back to their origin, in 1965. The measures featured in this visualization have been collected for many years and allow us to gain a greater understand of how New York City has changed over time. The Household and Persons Visualizations allow us to focus instead on the conditions faced by New Yorkers today. Users can examine demographics and other characteristics of households, units, and persons cut a variety of ways.

The page will be updated regularly with new, interesting ways to explore NYCHVS data. For more information about the NYCHVS and to access microdata, please see the links below.

50+ Years of Housing in New York City

The NYCHVS has been collecting information on the New York City housing stock since 1965.

Explore 50+ Years of Housing in New York City and how the housing stock has changed over time.





2017 NYCHVS: Households

The NYCHVS collects information about units in New York City and the households that live in them.

Explore 2017 NYCHVS: Households and learn more about the characteristics of units and households in New York City.






2017 NYCHVS: Persons

The NYCHVS also collects information on individuals.

Explore 2017 NYCHVS: Persons and learn more about the demographic characteristics on New York City's population.






NYCHVS Microdata

View the complete NYCHVS Public Use Files (PUFs):

NYCHVS Selected Initial Findings

The subsequent reports from survey data are useful to policy analysts, planners, scholars and researchers, real estate analysts, developers, service providers in private and non-profit organizations, government agencies, and community groups: