What is Temporary Protected Status (TPS)?

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) allows individuals from certain countries to remain in the United States if it is unsafe for them to return to their home country due to a humanitarian emergency there. For example, the federal government may designate a country for TPS if there is an armed conflict (e.g., civil war) or a natural disaster (e.g., earthquake). TPS enables recipients to work in the United States lawfully, and protects them from deportation as long as the TPS designation is in effect.

In order to receive TPS, applicants must prove that they have lived continuously in the United States since a date specified by the federal government. Countries come up for TPS renewal at 6 to 18-month intervals, at which point the federal government again makes a determination about whether a given country can absorb its returning nationals safely.

Recipients must re-register for TPS if a TPS designation is extended, or in some cases ended. Visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website for additional information about TPS.

The countries currently designated for TPS include:

  • El Salvador
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018, except in some cases; see below for additional information. TPS ending September 9, 2019.
  • Haiti
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018 – TPS ending July 22, 2019.
  • Honduras
    Must have re-registered by August 6, 2018 - TPS ending January 5, 2020.
  • Nepal
    Must have re-registered by July 23, 2018 – TPS ending June 24, 2019.
  • Nicaragua
    Must have re-registered by February 13, 2018 – TPS ending January 5, 2019.
  • Somalia
    Must re-register by October 26, 2018 – TPS extended through March 17, 2020.
  • Sudan
    TPS ending November 2, 2018.
  • South Sudan
    Must have re-registered by November 20, 2017 – TPS extended through May 2, 2019.  
  • Syria
    Must have re-registered by May 4, 2018 – TPS extended through September 30, 2019.
  • Yemen
    Must re-register by October 15, 2018 – TPS extended through March 3, 2020.

Recent Decision: Extension of TPS for Somali Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on July 19, 2018 that it would extend TPS for Somalia. This means that the hundreds of Somalis who now have TPS must re-register by October 26, 2018 for TPS in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through March 17, 2020. Somalis in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Somalia.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Recent Decision: Extension of TPS for Yemeni Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on July 5, 2018 that it would extend TPS for Yemen. This means that the estimated 1,500 Yemenis who now have TPS must re-register for TPS by October 15, 2018 in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through March 3, 2020. Yemenis in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Yemen.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Recent Decision: Termination of TPS for Honduras

The Trump Administration announced on May 4, 2018 that it would terminate TPS for Honduras. This means that the estimated 57,000 Hondurans in the United States who now have TPS will lose legal status on January 5, 2020.

Individuals must have re-registered for TPS by August 6, 2018 in order to remain lawfully in the country until January 5, 2020. Otherwise their TPS status expired on July 5, 2018.  Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Honduras.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Recent Decision: Termination of TPS for Nepal

The Trump Administration announced on April 26, 2018 that it would terminate TPS for Nepal. This means that the estimated 9,000 Nepalese in the United States who now have TPS will lose legal status on June 24, 2019.

Individuals must have re-registered for TPS by July 23, 2018 in order to remain lawfully in the country until June 24, 2019. Otherwise, their TPS status expired on June 24, 2018.

Individuals will have to re-register for TPS. Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Nepal.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Extension of TPS for Syrian Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on January 31, 2018 that it would extend TPS for Syria. This means that the estimated 7,000 Syrians in the United States who have TPS must have re-registered by May 4, 2018 in order to and stay and work lawfully in the United States through September 30, 2019. Syrians in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Syria.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Termination of TPS for El Salvador

The Trump Administration announced on January 8, 2018 that it would terminate TPS for El Salvador. This means that the estimated 195,000 Salvadorans in the United States who now have TPS will lose legal status on September 9, 2019.

Individuals must have re-registered by March 19, 2018 in order to remain lawfully in the country until September 9, 2019. Otherwise, some people’s TPS status expired on March 9, 2018. However, two groups of people benefitted from an auto-extension of their work authorization, which makes them eligible to work in the United States through March 9, 2019: 

  • People whose work authorization was set to expire on March 9, 2018, and who applied for a new one after January 18, 2018; OR
  • People whose work authorization has a marked expiration date of September 9, 2016, and who applied for a new one on or after July 8, 2016.
Instructions for how to re-register for TPS, and who is eligible for this auto-extension, are available on the USCIS website for TPS for El Salvador.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by either the termination decision or the automatic extension decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Termination of TPS for Haiti

The Trump Administration announced on November 20, 2017 that it would terminate TPS for Haiti. This means that the estimated 50,000 Haitians in the United States who now have TPS will lose legal status on July 22, 2019.

Individuals must have re-registered for TPS by March 19, 2018 in order to remain lawfully in the country until July 22, 2019. 

Instructions for how to re-register for TPS are available on the USCIS website for TPS for Haiti.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the Temporary Protected Status program ending?

The TPS program is still in effect. However, the Trump Administration has voiced its intent to limit or end TPS for some countries. This means some TPS holders may lose lawful status and their ability to work lawfully, and may become at risk of being deported.

Each country has a different expiration date for TPS. The federal government is required to announce a determination at least 60 days before the expiration date of TPS for a given country.

The federal government is expected to make announcements about the future of TPS for individual countries in the coming weeks and months. By law, the determinations must be made on a country-by-country basis. It is important for you to track when your TPS is set to expire. If you currently have TPS, you will have lawful status and work authorization until the date on which your TPS expires.

Where can I find out more about changes to TPS?

You should continue to check the USCIS website for additional information about TPS and any changes to TPS.

I'm worried that the federal government might not extend my TPS. What should I do?

Now is the time to look into what your legal options might be. You may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief. It is very important for you to get a legal consultation with a trusted legal services provider.

How can I avoid fraud while I am seeking immigration legal help?

Beware of unlicensed immigration service providers who take advantage of their customers. Get help only from a trusted, licensed attorney or an accredited representative. Only lawyers or those who have gotten permission from the Department of Justice can give legal advice. For questions about this, or to report fraud, call the New York State New Americans Hotline at 1-800-566-7636 between 9am-8pm, on Monday through Friday, or call 311.

If I lose TPS, will I still have access to City services?

Yes. Most services provided by the City are available to all New Yorkers regardless of immigration status, including:

Additional Resources for TPS Recipients

Get connected to free, confidential legal help.
The City provides free, confidential immigrant legal services. Call 311 and say "ActionNYC," to make an appointment with a provider in your community and in your language.

If you're feeling anxious, stressed or depressed – help is available.
It’s normal to feel anxiety and stress. ThriveNYC will give you access to mental health supports in your language. Call 1-888-NYC-WELL, text “WELL” to 65173, or go online to nyc.gov/nycwell.

Stay connected – get an IDNYC.
IDNYC is a free, official government-issued identification card recognized in City buildings, public schools and by the NYPD. Call 311 and say "IDNYC" or visit nyc.gov/idnyc to make an appointment.

How can I get involved?

  • Volunteer with the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs. Visit nyc.gov/MOIAVolunteer or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday-Friday, 9 am-5 pm.
  • Inform & Engage: Invite the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs to your community for a "Know Your Rights Forum." Visit nyc.gov/InviteMOIA or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday - Friday, 9am - 5pm.