What is Temporary Protected Status (TPS)?

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) allows individuals from certain countries to remain in the United States if it is unsafe for them to return to their home country due to a humanitarian emergency there. For example, the federal government may designate a country for TPS if there is an armed conflict (e.g., civil war) or a natural disaster (e.g., earthquake). TPS enables recipients to work in the United States lawfully, and protects them from deportation as long as the TPS designation is in effect.

In order to receive TPS, applicants must prove that they have lived continuously in the United States since a date specified by the federal government. Countries' TPS designations come up for renewal at 6 to 18-month intervals, at which point the federal government again makes a determination about whether a given country can absorb its returning nationals safely.

Recipients must re-register for TPS if a TPS designation is extended, or in some cases ended. Visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website for additional information about TPS.

The countries currently designated for TPS include:

  • El Salvador
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through January 2, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation. See below for additional information.
  • Haiti
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through January 2, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation. See below for additional information.
  • Honduras
    Must have re-registered by August 6, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through January 5, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation. See below for additional information.
  • Nepal
    Must have re-registered by July 23, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through March 24, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation. See below for additional information.
  • Nicaragua
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through January 2, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation. See below for additional information.
  • Somalia
    Must have re-registered by October 26, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through March 17, 2020.
  • Sudan
    Must have re-registered by March 19, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through January 2, 2020, but may be extended further pursuant to ongoing litigation.
  • South Sudan
    Must have re-registered by June 4, 2019; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through November 20, 2020.    
  • Syria
    TPS extended through March 31, 2021. See below for additional information. 
  • Yemen
    Must have re-registered by October 15, 2018; if you did not, see below for additional information. TPS extended through March 3, 2020.

Extension of TPS for Syrian Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on August 1, 2019 that it would extend TPS for Syria. This means that Syrians who now have TPS will have an opportunity to re-register for TPS in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through March 31, 2021. Information about how to re-register for TPS will be forthcoming. Syrians in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Additional information is available on USCIS’s website on TPS for Syria.

Extension of TPS for South Sudanese Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on March 8, 2019 that it would extend TPS for South Sudan. This means that South Sudanese who now have TPS will have an opportunity to re-register for TPS in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through November 20, 2020. South Sudanese TPS holders had a re-registration deadline of June 4, 2019. However, South Sudanese in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Additional information is available on USCIS’s website on TPS for South Sudan.

Court Decision: Federal Government Must Halt Termination of TPS for Honduras and Nepal

On March 12, 2019, in Bhattarai v. Nielsen, et al., No. 19-cv-00731 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 12, 2019), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) agreed before a federal court that TPS for Nepal and Honduras — slated to end on June 24, 2019 and January 5, 2020, respectively — would remain in place at least until the appeal in Ramos v. Nielsen, (another TPS case, described further below) is decided. 

Individuals who believe they are impacted by the Bhattarai case and the related DHS decisions should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Additional information is available on USCIS’s website on Bhattarai v. Nielsen.

Court Decision: Federal Government Must Halt Termination TPS for Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti, and El Salvador

On Oct. 3, 2018, in Ramos, et al v. Nielsen, et al., No. 18-cv-01554 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 3, 2018), the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California enjoined the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) from implementing and enforcing the decisions to terminate TPS for Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti, and El Salvador, pending further resolution of the case. 

On March 1, 2019, DHS announced that it would continue to comply with this court decision by automatically extending TPS for these four countries (Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti, and El Salvador) through January 2, 2020. If a final, non-appealable decision is reached in a federal court permitting DHS to implement the terminations of TPS for these countries, then DHS will continue TPS for these countries for 120 days after such a court decision.  

Individuals who believe they are impacted by the Ramos case and the related DHS decisions should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Additional information is available on USCIS’s website on Ramos v. Nielsen.

Extension of TPS for Somali Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on July 19, 2018 that it would extend TPS for Somalia. This means that the hundreds of Somalis who now have TPS must have re-registered by October 26, 2018 for TPS in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through March 17, 2020. Somalis in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Extension of TPS for Yemeni Beneficiaries

The Trump Administration announced on July 5, 2018 that it would extend TPS for Yemen. This means that the estimated 1,500 Yemenis who now have TPS must have re-registered for TPS by October 15, 2018 in order to stay and work lawfully in the United States through March 3, 2020. Yemenis in the United States who do not already have TPS will in some cases be eligible for TPS, and may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief.

Individuals who believe they are impacted by this decision should get a legal consultation from a trusted legal services provider. Call 311 and say “ActionNYC” to make an appointment for free, safe legal help in your community, and in your language.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the Temporary Protected Status program ending?

The TPS program is still in effect. However, the Trump Administration has voiced its intent to limit or end TPS for some countries. This means some TPS holders may lose lawful status and their ability to work lawfully, and may become at risk of being deported.

Each country has a different expiration date for TPS. The federal government is required to announce a determination at least 60 days before the expiration date of TPS for a given country.

The federal government is expected to make announcements about the future of TPS for individual countries in the coming weeks and months. By law, the determinations must be made on a country-by-country basis. It is important for you to track when your TPS is set to expire. If you currently have TPS, you will have lawful status and work authorization until the date on which your TPS expires.

Where can I find out more about changes to TPS?

You should continue to check the USCIS website for additional information about TPS and any changes to TPS.

I'm worried that the federal government might not extend my TPS. What should I do?

Now is the time to look into what your legal options might be. You may be eligible for other forms of immigration relief. It is very important for you to get a legal consultation with a trusted legal services provider.

How can I avoid fraud while I am seeking immigration legal help?

Beware of unlicensed immigration service providers who take advantage of their customers. Get help only from a trusted, licensed attorney or an accredited representative. Only lawyers or those who have gotten permission from the Department of Justice can give legal advice. For questions about this, or to report fraud, call the New York State New Americans Hotline at 1-800-566-7636 between 9am-8pm, on Monday through Friday, or call 311.

If I lose TPS, will I still have access to City services?

Yes. Most services provided by the City are available to all New Yorkers regardless of immigration status, including:

Additional Resources for TPS Recipients

Get connected to free, confidential legal help.
The City provides free, confidential immigrant legal services. Call 311 and say "ActionNYC," to make an appointment with a provider in your community and in your language.

If you're feeling anxious, stressed or depressed – help is available.
It’s normal to feel anxiety and stress. ThriveNYC will give you access to mental health supports in your language. Call 1-888-NYC-WELL, text “WELL” to 65173, or go online to nyc.gov/nycwell.

Stay connected – get an IDNYC.
IDNYC is a free, official government-issued identification card recognized in City buildings, public schools and by the NYPD. Call 311 and say "IDNYC" or visit nyc.gov/idnyc to make an appointment.

Fact Sheet: Temporary Protected Status (TPS) Recipients in New York City

How can I get involved?

  • Volunteer with the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs. Visit nyc.gov/MOIAVolunteer or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday-Friday, 9 am-5 pm.
  • Inform & Engage: Invite the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs to your community for a "Know Your Rights Forum." Visit nyc.gov/InviteMOIA or call 212-788-7654 during business hours, Monday - Friday, 9am - 5pm.