City Legislative Process
There are a few ways in which legislation is enacted ("Local Law") in New York City. The most typical way is through the City's legislative body, the New York City Council. The following is an explanation of the process by which legislation is turned into law in NYC, and the Mayor's role in the process:
- A bill (proposed legislation) is filed by a Council Member with the Council's law clerk. If the Mayor wishes to put forth legislation for consideration, he/she must file it with the Speaker's Office. The Speaker's Office then assigns the bill a sponsor to bring the proposed local law before the Council.
- The bill is then introduced into the Council during a "Stated Meeting" and referred to the appropriate committee.
- A public hearing is held on the proposed legislation.
- After committee debate and public testimony, the bill may be amended.
- The committee meets to vote on the final version of the bill.
- If passed in committee, the bill is sent to the full Council for more debate and a final vote at a subsequent Stated Meeting.
- If passed by an affirmative vote by a majority of Council Members (at least 26 members) the bill is then sent to the Mayor, who also holds a public hearing.
- The Mayor then chooses to sign or veto (rejects) the bill.
- If the Mayor signs the bill, it immediately becomes a local law and is entered into the City's Administrative Code.
- If the Mayor vetoes the bill, it is returned to the City Council, through the City Clerk, with the Mayor's objections, at the next scheduled Stated Meeting.
- The Council then has 30 days to override the Mayoral veto.
- If the Council does re-pass the bill by a vote of two-thirds of all Council Members (at least 34), it is then considered adopted and becomes local law.
Visit the New York City Council's website
Visit the Mayor's website
Learn more about the City's legislative process