The Mayoral Advisory Commission on City Art, Monuments, and Markers (“the Commission”) is committed to a process of historical reckoning, a nuanced understanding of the complicated histories we have inherited. Due to the various time periods and methods of its assembly, New York City's current collection of monuments and markers celebrates some histories and erases others. Redressing this issue should be a process that moves beyond an all-or-nothing choice between keeping or removing monuments. We recognize that public dialogue, opportunities for engagement, and debate about history are essential for democracy and should be nurtured. Like similar reports in other municipalities, this report contemplates confronting or removing monuments. We also acknowledge that sometimes the best option will be to add new works of public art or new educational opportunities.