The Continuum of Care (CoC) Program funds several project types: Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH), Rapid Rehousing (RRH), Transitional Housing (TH), and Joint Transitional Housing and Rapid Rehousing (TH-RRH) through New York City's annual application for U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) McKinney-Vento funding. 

McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act was originally signed into law in 1987, marking the first piece of federal legislation to address the growing crisis of homelessness in the United States. The act originally consisted of fifteen distinct programs that funded a range of services for people experiencing homelessness including emergency shelter, transitional housing, and permanent supportive housing. The programs fell under the jurisdiction HUD and included the Continuum of Care and Emergency Solutions Grant programs.

HEARTH Act – An Update to McKinney-Vento

In 2009, McKinney-Vento was reauthorized under the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act. This legislation consolidated the Shelter Plus Care, Supportive Housing Program, and Moderate Rehabilitation/SRO programs into the Continuum of Care program, established the role of the Collaborative Applicant, expanded homelessness prevention, and modified the definition of homeless to allow programs to reach more people including families and children.

Continuum of Care Program

The Continuum of Care (CoC) Program is intended to promote strategic, community-wide coordination of resources toward the goal of ending homelessness, provide funding to homeless service providers and State and City governments, increase access to services for individuals and families experiencing homelessness, and cultivate lasting self-sufficiency for persons with lived experience. CoC program funds may be allocated toward projects operating under five different program components: transitional housing, permanent housing, supportive services only, HMIS, and homelessness prevention. CoC funds may also be used for an agency's administrative costs.

HUD CoC Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) annually announces the availability of funds for homeless services through the Continuum of Care (CoC) Program. The NOFA establishes fiscal year criteria and grant requirements for funding that is competitively available to CoC programs to reduce the incidence of homelessness in communities and assist individuals and families experiencing homelessness to quickly transition to permanent housing.

HUD sets the policy and priority directives such as:


  • Chronic homelessness prioritization
  • Low barriers to entry
  • Coordinated Entry (NYC CAPS)


The NYC CoC annually seeks new project applications for housing funds as part of the NOFA. For more information, please email

For questions directed toward HUD, please see HUD Ask A Question (AAQ).

Emergency Solutions Grants Program

The Emergency Solution Grants (ESG) Program is a formula funded program that provides funding to assist homeless individuals and families living on the street. The ESG Program's goal is to provide shelter, essential services and rapid re-housing to prevent homelessness. Funding from ESG can be used for street outreach, emergency shelter, homelessness prevention, rapid re-housing assistance, HMIS, and administrative activities. ESG funding is often used to create, operate, and improve the quality of emergency shelters.