Pest and Pesticide Laws for Building Property Owners and Managers

Building Property owners are required to keep apartments and common areas free of pests. Spraying chemical pesticides alone does not get at the root of pest problems. While pesticide application can sometimes be an appropriate response to pest infestations, it should be used in combination with other pest management methods such as pest proofing and improved sanitation. Building Property owners must hire a licensed professional to apply pesticides since pesticides contain chemicals that may harm people, pets, and the environment. Chemical pesticides should always be used sparingly and according to the directions on the label.

  • Never use foggers or bombs. The chemicals land in places people cook, eat and play.
  • Never purchase or use a product without a manufacturer's label.
  • Never buy pesticides from street vendors.
  • Never use a product for a different insect or rodent than is named on the label.
  • Always store chemicals safely in the original containers according to the label directions.
  • Keep children and pets away from all pesticides.
  • Always review with the pest management company the reason for any pesticide application and the associated risks.
Pesticide use is regulated by local, state, and federal laws to reduce risks to public health and the environment.

New York City Laws

Neighbor Notification Law (Local Law 36): Commercial lawn pesticide applicators are required to give neighbors written notice 48 hours before applying certain pesticides. Homeowners who use lawn pesticides are required to post warning signs around their property.

Pesticide Use by New York City Agencies (Local Law 37): This law sets limitations on the use of pesticides by New York City agencies. It phases out the use of certain pesticides, institutes new recordkeeping and reporting procedures, and requires prior notice to the public before certain pesticide applications are made.


Indoor Allergen Hazards Law (Local Law 55): This law requires property owners to take steps to keep their tenants’ homes free of pests and mold. It includes safely fixing the underlying conditions that cause pests or mold problems, such as cracks, holes and water leaks. Local Law 55 is co-enforced by NYC Housing Preservation and Development and the NYC Health Department.

New York State Laws

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation is the state agency responsible for administering and enforcing New York State pesticide laws.

Federal Laws

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the production, transport, sale, use, and disposal of all pesticides through the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).

For information or advice about exposure to pesticides, the NYC Poison Control Center is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Call 800-222-1222 or 212-POISONS (212-764-7667).

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